HIV is not yet widespread in Nicaragua, but with no sexuality education to speak of, a weak health system, and a culture of machismo that leaves women with little control over their sexual and reproductive lives, young people and women face particular HIV risk, and their infection rates are climbing.
With so many people unaware of their HIV status, increasing testing is critical to prevent new infections and help HIV-positive people lead healthy lives.
Michael Kaplan shares his personal experience of what it was like to get tested for HIV in the early 90's—the wait for an appointment and then another wait for the results—and coming to terms with being HIV-positive.
According the UK Department of Health, 35 percent of people living with HIV in the UK are unaware of their status, suggesting the need for a testing awareness day here, as well as in the United States. But what do the experts think?