The Associated Press reports that the top United States commander in Iraq intends to rescind the policy earlier established by one of his subordinate commanders in Iraq that had placed pregnant soldiers at risk of discipline.
According to the AP report, Gen. Ray Odierno has drafted a broad new policy for American forces in Iraq that will
take effect January 1 and will not include the pregnancy provision enacted last month.
The news of General Odierno’s order comes about a week after the pregnancy policy issued by Maj. Gen. Anthony Cucolo
set off widespread criticism. General Cucolo had issued a policy that
would permit the punishment of soldiers who become pregnant and their
The pregnancy provision was one of a variety of
offenses for which General Cucolo said punishments could range from
minor discipline to a court-martial.
In a conference call with
reporters earlier this week, according to AP, Cucolo said he would never actually seek to
jail someone over a pregnancy provision. He said the policy was
intended to emphasize the problems created when pregnant soldiers go
home and leave behind a weaker unit.
Even before the senators took aim at Cucolo’s policy, the general had
backed away from his threat today to court martial women under his
command who got pregnant. His policy statement said violation of the
rule would also apply to the men who get female soldiers pregnant, even
if the couple is married.
Since November 4th, when the policy was first put in place, four
women soldiers were redeployed because they had become pregnant "in
violation of Cucolo’s order." The four women and two male soldiers ostensibly responsible for two of the pregnancies
received letters of reprimand that will not remain in their permanent
military files, according to ABC News reports. One of the pregnant soldiers refused to provide the name of her partner.
Cucolo’s policy drew fire from women’s groups such as the National Organization for Women, and human rights groups such as the American Civil Liberties Union, among others. A letter protesting the policy also was written to Cuculo by four Senators, including Senator Barbara Boxer (D-CA), Senator Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY), Senator Barbara Mikulski (D-MD) and Senator Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH).
"We can think of no greater deterrent to women contemplating a military
career than the image of a pregnant woman being severely punished
simply for conceiving a child," the senators wrote to Cucolo today.
"This defies comprehension. As such, we urge you to immediately recind
Discsussion of this policy has exposed the lack of consistent access to contraceptive supplies on many bases, and the lack of access particularly to emergency contraception. The army does not pay for abortion services for female soldiers facing unintended pregnancies; instead soldiers must take leave to fly home and and pay out of their own funds.
John Hutson, a former longtime military judge advocate and currently
the president and dean of Franklin Pierce Law School in New Hampshire, worried that Cucolo’s policy could cause an increase in
abortions overseas. And since military hospitals do not perform such
procedures, female officers may find abortions are available not "in
the way you want them," Hutson said, forcing women to potentially
dangerous providers of such services.