Dating Violence Harms Young Women’s Reproductive Health


The
abuse suffered by pop singer Rhianna, allegedly at the hands of fellow
singer and longtime boyfriend Chris Brown, has put the issue of dating
violence front and center before the nation’s teens. Blogs and
entertainment sites are filled with conversations about what causes
violence, when punishment is appropriate and how severe it should be,
when forgiveness is the right choice, and much more. But as so often is
the case, there’s one aspect of the issue that’s largely absent from
the conversation.

Relationship abuse has many serious consequences and one of
them
can
be harm to a woman’s reproductive health. Studies show that
relationship or dating abuse can have reproductive health consequences,
including unplanned pregnancy and exposure to sexually transmitted
infections (STIs) and HIV/AIDS transmissions. This happens most often
to young women.

In fact, girls who are victims of violence from dating
partners
are
four to six times more likely than non-abused girls to become pregnant,
according to the Harvard School of Public Health. One in three
adolescents tested for sexually transmitted infections and HIV have
experienced domestic violence.

Physical violence is not the only form of abuse facing young
women
today. Birth control sabotage and sexual coercion are insidious forms
of abuse and control that occur much more often than many people
realize.

One young woman, "Janey" shared her story of an abusive
boyfriend.
"Every time I would confront him about his lies and unfaithfulness, he
would force himself on me sexually. He always refused to wear a condom
and would act offended when I suggested he use one," she said. Other
forms of women’s contraception made Janey phsysically ill. When she
would confront the boyfriend and try to end the relationship, he would
become enraged and threaten her. She eventually became pregnant and was
diagnosed repeatedly with STD’s even though he was her only partner.
She was not able to end the relationship until she involved the police
and attained an order of protection.

Janey’s story resonates with a lot of young women. It also
belies
the old stereotype that attributes unplanned pregnancies and STIs to
promiscuity or irresponsible behavior. Abuse in relationships is
intrinsically linked to women’s – especially young women’s –
reproductive health, and any serious attempt to reduce unplanned
pregnancy and STI rates must help prevent this kind of abuse.

States across the country are beginning to take notice.
Texas
recently adopted a law that requires school districts to define dating
violence in school safety codes, following the 2003 stabbing death of
Ortralla Mosley, 15, in a hallway of her Austin high school and the
shooting death of Jennifer Ann Crecente, 18, two years ago. Rhode
Island in 2007 adopted the Lindsay Ann Burke Act – prompted by the
murder of a young woman by a former boyfriend; it requires school
districts to teach students in grades 7 through 12 about dating abuse
and healthy relationships.

The Family Violence Prevention Fund and
its kNOwMORE initiatve (www.knowmoresaymore.org) is holding a
briefing on the
Hill on Thursday, working with Congressional leaders to start, for the
first time ever, making a link in public policy that mirrors the link
between relationship abuse and women’s reproductive health issues.

The Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) of 2005 contained
groundbreaking new initiatives including programs to train health care
providers to assess patients for domestic violence and intervene to
help those who are victims of abuse, encourage men to teach the next
generation that violence is wrong, and provide crisis services for
victims of rape and sexual assault.

But Congress has not yet funded many of the new prevention
programs
the law contains. That needs to change. President Obama created a White
House Council on Women and Girls and one of its mandates is to help
prevent violence against women. It won’t succeed unless Congress funds
these new VAWA health programs, and we all begin to recognize the link
between violence and women’s reproductive health.

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  • http://www.familyplanit.org invalid-0

    This post is also a prime example of why the FDA should let the recent court ruling over EC stand. The right-wing fundies claim that it will breed promiscuity is baseless,especially when stacked against statistics that highlight this kind of abuse. EC is probably often one of the few things with which women in these situations can arm themselves.

  • invalid-0

    The nonsense spouted by right wing crazies against emercency contraception is just that nonsense. Women and girls are half the population and we deserve and should demand that this program be funded. We should put our voices together and Demand that this program get full funding. It is time to stop being considered second class citezens by the powers that be-dont let them take us for granted-write you congressional representatives NOW-thanks

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    This is a great site the article has been very very helpful and i would recommend it, and some good points have been made here, this what blogging should be about.

  • http://www.thespainforum.com/personals/ invalid-0

    Thanks for sharing the great information on here. There are too many anti abortionists around these days and the above give some very valid reasons why it should still be allowed. The worst thing is with the women in that kind of relationship is they stay around and consider it the normal if the love the violent or cheating partner they are involved with.

  • http://www.hookmeup.com.au/ invalid-0

    Emergency contraception is not only for those ‘silly girls’ who have unprotected sex, it is precisely for those instances when men take advantage of women, as happens on far too many occasions.