In a series of recent ads John
McCain has been doing his best to make viewers connect Barack
Obama to young women.
First came the infamous
"celebrity" ad, flashing images of Britney
Spears and Paris Hilton before sliding Obama in among their ranks. The
McCain campaign acknowledged that the purpose of the ad was to make
Obama seem "frivolous" and irresponsible in company with these two
notorious blondes (who both, incidentally, have been doing serious image-cleanup
recently. Bad timing.).
Now the McCain camp has taken
the messaging a bit further, with an online ad that concludes with a series of interview clips in which young women praise Obama’s
more superficial appeal. One praises his aura. Another his eyes. It
ends with a man blurting "hot chicks dig Obama."
Silly season has begun, say
the pundits. Except it’s more than silly — it’s insidious.
The subtext of the add
is hot WHITE chicks dig him. The genius of the strategy is that
Obama cannot call him out without being accused of playing the race
card …McCain will never run an add saying that Obama will sleep with
your white daughter, but his ads will all have a subtle insinuation
of this theme.
It’s subliminal messaging, and should the Obama campaign speak out,
their opponents will quickly dismiss them as whiny, uptight folks who
can’t take a little humor.
Within that whiny construct
lies the other side of this line of attack. When right-wingers smear
left-wingers as "rock stars," there’s a double insult going into
minds, rock stars can arouse young women’s hormones with a simple pelvis shake,
but they themselves are also effeminate. Like Bono, Elvis, and
the Beatles, all mentioned in the ad, rock stars have long hair. They’re
not brawny and they wear tight pants.
This dated (seriously,
the Beatles as threatening?), gendered smear remains a golden standard
from the playground politics playbook, particularly of late: when
in doubt, paint your opponent as a girl, or, to use Gov. Arnold Schwarzenagger’s
phrase, "a girlyman."
In Great American
Glenn Greenwald explores how the manipulation of gender politics has played out
in political campaigns:
Every national Democratic
male leader over the past two decades–and especially those who have
fought in combat and who remained married to their first wives–has
been ridiculed as a week and effeminate, gender-confused freak.
This particular McCain ad appears
to pull off the trifecta: racial insult levied at Obama, then insulting
him again by implicitly comparing him to presumably vapid young
girls and the preening rock stars they may worship.
Take a look at the beginning
of the spot. The ad begins with a man, in a high-pitched voice, describing
the way Obama’s speeches make him want to cry.
Uh-oh. Real men, according
to the unwritten rules, don’t cry.
If it seems weird for such
a contradictory pair of attacks to coexist, that Obama can be tarred
with the the scary-black-man-as-sexual-predator slur and also
the effeminate pansy slur, well, it is weird.
But it works. First of all,
it hems Obama in between opposing stereotypes, making it difficult for
him to do anything without unpleasant associations. This Daily Show
at about 2:40) demonstrates the phenomenon: when Obama misses a shot
during a basketball game, he’s a weak Harvard elitist; when he scores,
he’s an aggressive Malcolm X.
Secondly, by throwing
multiple subliminal insults at the candidate, such negative advertising
manages to seize whichever insecurities — racial or gendered or both — are
most present in its audience’s mind.
Rick Perlstein, author of
Nixonland, explains this phenomenon:
In a discourse that plays
on half-conscious archetypes, opposites can cohabit comfortably–as
in dreams… Surrogates need only throw various archetypes "out there,"
as they say; the dungeon that is the human subconscious can be counted
on to do the rest.
But the ad isn’t just insulting
to the candidate: it also spits in the face of young women by assuming
they don’t vote for a candidate based on his policy positions, but
rather focus on his dreaminess quotient.
It’s not a shock from
the man who volunteered his
wife for a famous topless pageant.
Towards the end of the ad,
when the young women speak about Obama, complementing his aura and then
his eyes, we have no idea what questions they actually were answering.
For all we know, they could have rattled off a list of Obama’s most
promising Senate votes, and then been cornered with questions about
their favorite of his physical features.
By choosing to implicitly
label female Obama fans as only interested in the candidate’s "aura,"
the ad also insults those supporters — and it’s not a stretch to say
that it denigrates to the primary issues of substance that many young
women are concerned about.
Unfortunately, McCain’s stance
on reproductive rights was already dismissive of young women. McCain’s
ads assume that he’s already lost the young women vote — and that
it wasn’t worth having to begin with. The New Republic recently published a fantastic expose of the candidate’s stance on abortion,
which reveals a real callousness towards women’s needs and
Let’s hope women make like
Paris Hilton, and fight back.